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Effect of high-flow nasal oxygen on hypoxaemia during procedural sedation

A systematic review and meta-analysis


Reviewed June 2023 by Dr Derek Rosen

Overview - Systematic review of the effect of high-flow nasal oxygen (NHFO2) vs conventional oxygen (nasal prongs, face mask, mouth guard) for procedural sedation in adults and children. - Methods:...

What airway management information do anaesthetic charts prompt for? An audit of charts from 132 hospitals across Australia and New Zealand

Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine

Reviewed July 2023 by Dr Ian Miles

This article presents the results of an audit of blank anaesthetic charts from 132 hospitals accredited for training by ANZCA. The charts were evaluated for 17 data fields describing tracheal...

The Influence of Positive End-Expiratory Pressure on Leakage and Oxygenation Using a Laryngeal Mask Airway

A Randomized Trial

Anesthesia Analgesia

Reviewed July 2023 by Dr Liam O'Doherty

An RCT of adult patients undergoing surgery (urology, gynaecology, peripheral) with mandatory ventilation via a Proseal LMA mask randomised to PEEP 8.2 cmH2O (PEEP group) or PEEP 0 cmH2O (ZEEP...

Effect of Tulobuterol Patch Versus Placebo on the Occurrence of Respiratory Adverse Events in Children Undergoing Tonsillectomies

A Randomized Controlled Trial

Anesthesia Analgesia

Reviewed August 2023 by Dr J Houghton

Hypothesis: Inhaled B-2 agonists have proven benefits in reducing the incidence of paediatric perioperative respiratory adverse events (PRAE). Therefore, transdermal tulobuterol (peak effect 9-12...

Applied forces with direct versus indirect laryngoscopy in neonatal intubation

A randomized crossover mannequin study

Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia

Reviewed August 2023 by Dr Caroline Mann

This is a single centre randomized crossover trial comparing applied oropharyngeal forces of tracheal intubation of direct laryngoscopy versus video laryngoscopy in a neonatal manikin. Manikin...

Difficult or impossible facemask ventilation in children with difficult tracheal intubation

A retrospective analysis of the PeDI registry

British Journal of Anaesthesia

Reviewed September 2023 by Dr Rory Walsh

Summary: The Pediatric Difficult Intubation (PeDI) Registry is a large, multicentre international registry that collects data on paediatric patients where difficult intubation is identified. The...

Efficacy of a hybrid technique of simultaneous videolaryngoscopy with flexible bronchoscopy in children with difficult direct laryngoscopy in the Pediatric Difficult Intubation Registry


Reviewed December 2023 by Dr David Rawson

This study examined the effectiveness and safety of a hybrid technique – videolaryngoscope (VL) with flexible bronchoscope (FB) – in paediatric patients with difficult tracheal...


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