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Ultrasound Assessment of Gastric Fluid Volume in Children Scheduled for Elective Surgery After Clear Fluid Fasting for 1 Versus 2 Hours

A Randomized Controlled Trial

Anesthesia Analgesia

Reviewed July 2023 by Dr David Stoeter

This small randomized single-blinded controlled trial is the second such trial comparing gastric fluid volumes after a 1-hour versus a 2-hour clear fluid fast in children undergoing general...

2023 American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines for Preoperative Fasting

Carbohydrate-containing Clear Liquids with or without Protein, Chewing Gum, and Pediatric Fasting Duration-A Modular Update of the 2017 American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines for Preoperative Fasting


Reviewed July 2023 by Dr Don Hannah

This was an update of previous guidelines aimed at addressing the ingestion of carbohydrate-containing clear liquids with or without protein, chewing gum, and paediatric fasting...

Determining residual gastric volume in healthy children using ultrasound

Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia

Reviewed September 2023 by Dr Marlene Johnson

Summary This Canadian study was a prospective, observational study of 33 healthy volunteers aged between 2-14. It examined residual gastric volume using ultrasound, after patients were given 250mL...

A review of pediatric fasting guidelines and strategies to help children manage preoperative fasting

Pediatric Anesthesia

Reviewed September 2023 by Dr David Pachter

Summary: Balancing the risk between pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents, and the adverse consequences of prolonged fasting times is one of the age-old conundrums of paediatric anaesthesia. This...

Preoperative clear fluid fasting and endoscopy-measured gastric fluid volume in children

Measured gastric fluid volume in children

Pediatric Anesthesia

Reviewed October 2023 by Dr Pallavi Kumar

Summary: Study Type: Single-centre, prospective study in paediatric perioperative day care at a university-affiliated tertiary care centre. Methods: - Aspiration of gastric fluid contents...


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